Inequality in employment in India

Women who are not in a good position and have a wage difference of up to 34% compared to men are the main signs of gender inequality that exist in the Indian labor market by the non-profit organization Oxfam India points out.

In early April, Oxfam India’s “Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India” report pointed out that the decline in rural employment impacts changes in urban employment. Unequal pay, the burden of household care work and unsuitable social norms are factors that make Indian women lower in the labor force than men.

The report emphasizes that women are paid on average 34% less than men who have similar qualifications and perform similar tasks. In India, according to the survey, women are concentrated in only 10 industries and those 10 sectors account for just over half of female workers.

In 2015, 92% of women and 82% of men had a monthly salary below Rs 10,000, much lower than the recommendation of the 7th Central Committee of Payment (2013) of Rs 18,000 per month. The 7th Central Committee also pointed out that the drop in female labor force participation is due to supply and demand challenges. Due to the decline in the demand for jobs in agriculture, the relatively low demand for jobs from sectors that are more likely to use more women, such as garments.

Oxfam India’s “Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India” report also considers the role of labor laws and social factors affecting labor issues. In addition, the report identifies discriminatory occupations in India as environmental jobs.

Ranu Bhogal, now Director of Policy and Campaign Research at Oxfam India, said: “Over the past few years, we have heard many statements and promises about job creation and job creation. However, what we care about is providing quality jobs. We need a labor market where people are well paid for their skills. This can help families escape poverty”.

Oxfam India has called for a change in the Indian Government focusing on manufacturing sectors to create more jobs. The NGO also seeks investments in the health and education sectors to improve the productivity of workers, and this investment could be a solution to create large jobs in the future.

In his speech, Amitabh Behar, CEO of Oxfam India affirmed that in order to create a fair gender society and ensure equal opportunity for all, Indians need to overcome the gender obstacles in the perspective of each person.

Oxfam is a non-profit organization operating in many countries. In 2018, Oxfam operates in India towards reducing poverty and inequality, especially for women and the disadvantaged in India. Oxfam India has also been cooperating with civil and public social organizations to promote civil rights.

Origin of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party

Democrats and Republicans are competing fiercely in the midterm election for the US Congress term. These are the two major political parties of the United States and each party that needs power will take the superpower in different directions both internally and externally.


So what are their sources?

According to Mayan Melanie, in the article “The Origin Of The American Democratic Party”, although the Democratic Party and the Republican Party in the US seem to be extremely opposite now, the origin of the two This party is not like that. In essence, both originate from a single party, the Democratic-Republican Party, founded in 1791 by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson. The purpose of the then Democratic-Republican Party was to oppose the Federalist Party in subsequent elections.

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The Democratic-Republican Party supports states’ rights, and literally interprets the Constitution. They also prioritize financial and legal support for household-based agriculture. Fearing the United States would resemble the British monarchy, the Democratic Party – Republican against the elite. They despise and fear the people of the Federal Party, extremely wealthy nobles, who want to create a federal bank, and uphold the power of the federal government rather than the state government.

In the period 1815 – 1832, the Democratic Party – Republican organization gradually became loose. No longer competing pressure, they also do not need a united front. States begin to nominate their own local electors, who have a strong personal interest. This caused the internal party to be divided into many factions. Specifically, this split led to the creation of the modern Democratic Party (symbolized as a donkey), along with another political party, the Whig Party in 1828. The Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, composed of peasantry, urban workers, and Irish Catholics. Although the Democratic Party did not gain much support in the states of New England, it gained broad support in New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and the western states.

In 1850, Democrats in the US Congress approved the “Compromise of 1850”, which included a series of bills to prevent civil war breaking out around slavery. Basically, this Agreement banned slavery in the western states; however, it also included a bill called the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.

After the Compromise of 1850, the Democratic Party became popular, while the Whig Party began to lose unity and become increasingly divided over slavery and anti-immigration. In 1852, the Whig Party disbanded, making the opposition very weak compared to the Democratic Party in the same year election.

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The anti-slavery Democrats left the party one after another and joined the remaining Whig Party members in the North to form the Republican Party in 1854. The party first came to power in 1860 when Abraham Lincoln was elected president and won the US Civil War. In the United States, people still call the Republican Party the nickname GOP (Grand Old Party). Republican symbol is an elephant.

Regarding religious origins, the Northern Republican Party is primarily a follower of the Presbyterian Church, the Methodist Movement, and the Congregation Justice (Congregation), while most of the Democrats are Catholics, Anglicans, and people of German descent who follow the Lutheran Church. Due to such a deep division, issues such as prohibited laws are difficult to solve. Similar to today’s political climate, Republicans thought the government should intervene in ethical issues (such as drinking alcohol) to protect citizens from sin, while the Democratic Party argued that the government was not allowed to introduce laws that interfere with religion or morality.

The actual situation of gender discrimination alarm in Southeast Asia

One of ASEAN’s main goals set for the Socio-Cultural Community is to improve the quality of education and training for people, with special attention to the field of sex education, thereby contributing to promoting socio-economic development and gender equality.


In an article in the Jakarta Globe, Yoriko Yasukawa, Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Asia-Pacific region highlighted the alarming realities of gender discrimination and receipt of gender constraints in ASEAN member countries, and make recommendations to improve this gloomy picture.

According to Yasukawa, as of 2015, ASEAN countries have about 164 million teenagers aged 10-24 years and this number is expected to increase to over 166 million by 2030.

Due to the Asian conception, gender issues are still limited in school and this is one of the reasons why gender discrimination is still severe in Southeast Asia.

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In regional countries, only 58% of women work, while this rate for men is 82%.

In addition, the income gap between the sexes is quite large. For example, women in Cambodia and Singapore earn just 25% of men’s income.

In Southeast Asian countries today there are about 27 million adolescents aged 15-19. About 35% of these people get married early, 18% of girls give birth when they are under 20 years old.

This fact is very worrying because of the impact on the quality of the population when the mother is too young, lacking experience in living and caring for young children, and is unable to afford economy. In addition to domestic violence, more than 40% of adolescent girls in at least 3 ASEAN countries think domestic violence is acceptable.

About 34% of women admitted to being victims of physical and mental violence while living with their husbands or in-laws.

All the above figures show that comprehensive sex education in ASEAN countries needs to be more widely disseminated to help young people approach and share their situation.

The Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Asia-Pacific region said that governments need to pay serious attention to comprehensive sex education, to help young people with knowledge. It is necessary to help them protect themselves and gradually eliminate the idea of ​​gender discrimination in all areas of life.

Southeast Asian governments must set clear goals and commit to effectively implement this issue. This issue must be taken seriously as the economic development goals of each country.

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School educational programs need to be reformed, the school environment should be more comprehensive.

In addition, businesses, as socio-economic organizations, support the government in achieving this goal by giving public support and actively participating in problem-solving dialogues. this.

Southeast Asian countries need to join hands for the future of the young generation, for the future of each nation and for the future of the whole of Southeast Asia.

2 leading countries in the budget for education investment

The quality of education is one of the criteria that govern the progress of an individual, or a society, as well as the development of an entire nation.


Therefore, living in a country with a high investment rate in education will surely make a difference in the lives of any student.

Let’s take a look at the four countries of the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) that currently have the largest level of investment in education in the world, to see the importance of this field to the development of every country.

England

Considered one of the most outstanding educational countries in the international academic community, the UK has always been a potential and favorite destination for international students.

According to the document “Education at a Glance 2017: OECD Indicators” – published by OCED, the UK is ranked in the list of countries with the highest investment indicators for education in 2014 – with about 6.6% from GDP is set aside as an investment budget for all levels of education from primary to tertiary.

The UK is also known for investing millions of pounds in children’s education and promoting social mobility (- promoting the personal and social development of many communities, directly contributing to the community on improving population productivity and boosting the country’s economic growth.).

According to a document published by the British government’s official website in August 2018, the country is undertaking an initiative focused on supporting early childhood education and development. In addition, the report reveals that the government is investing a £30 million fund into a social action plan to create high-quality kindergartens for children’s education.

Denmark

For this European nation, investment in education has become a machine for social, economic and human development.

According to data provided by the OECD in 2014, Denmark spent 6.5% of its GDP on the education sector, of which 4.5% was for primary and secondary education – this is considered the the highest investment in the region.

The Danish government considers investing in primary and secondary education the most important, as this is the necessary period to build and improve students’ awareness before going to university. These are also two compulsory levels for children from 6 to 17 years old.

Education in Denmark is almost entirely subsidized by the government. In addition, there are still training programs, private universities and fee collection.

For higher education, the monthly student support policy is a positive but controversial policy within the government. Despite the criticism, this policy is maintained by the success and international reputation that Danish education has gained over the years.

The success of educational management in this Nordic country is due to the cooperation between the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation. These are the two agencies that are jointly responsible for designing and planning the implementation of educational programs with the participation of teachers and students who directly influence the quality of the training and its quality.

Find out why gambling is addictive to people

The job of the casino is just winning the money of the player. The way the games are always designed, calculated scientifically so the odds are always on the house side.


The gambling industry is a rich, fertile and promising land where you can make a lot of money with almost no capital. According to statistics in one of the world gambling capitals – Las Vagas, in 2014, there were more than 6 billion dollars poured into the games here. Moreover, there are now a lot of online casinos making gambling easier. In particular, online casino NZ is one of the many house dealers.

“The rules of the casino are that they win overall, everyone knows that we agree with that, but when they walk through the doors of the casinos, they forget”, said a Las Vegas casino employee. said in the documentary Casino Secrets, because “the passion for gambling, adventure and gambling is available to most of us – that’s the first secret that casinos know”, the person added. .

“Gambling is thousands of years old, it really returned to the most flourishing period of mankind. According to the latest archaeological reports, we have people living together, we find signs of gambling”, said David G. Schwartz, director of the gambling research center at UNLV.

Many scientific studies show that gambling actions have immediate physical effects. Specifically, it causes the brain to secrete a chemical called Dopamine, which stimulates excitement, much like the chemicals the brain releases when it is eaten or enjoyed by sex.

Steve Cyr, a casino owner in Las Vegas, explains that people love to gamble, want to gamble mainly because they want to get out of reality and buy a dream.

“Everyone wants to feel like a winner, everyone wants that thrilling, breathtaking feeling, not everyone can be Michael Jordan and play in the NBA. But guess what, anyone can sit down and put $ 20 into the slot machine, win big tricks and become a millionaire. At the casino, you are buying a dream, anything can happen, ”he said.

Therefore, Steve Syr commented that people have overlooked the most important secret in the success of casinos: The rate is always on the house side.

Australian football has a unique deal in the world

Female soccer players of the Australian national team will earn the equivalent of their male colleagues under a deal in a move that promotes gender equality.


Under the new centralized contracting system announced by the Football Federation Australia Cup (FFA), Matildas stars such as Sam Kerr and Ellie Carpenter will pocket the equivalent of names. Socceroos’ big names (male nicknames) like Aaron Mooy and Mat Ryan. They will also be able to sit in the business compartment when traveling internationally, as the male players.

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AFP quoted FFA President Chris Nikou as saying: “Football is a sport for everyone, and this collective bargaining agreement is another great step to ensure that we live up to the prices. value of equality, inclusion, and opportunity”. Under the 4-year agreement, which continues through the next World Cup (2023), Socceroos and Matildas will receive 24% of the national team’s revenue, and an increase of 1% per year. In other words, the better they do it, the more they get paid.

The players have also pledged that 5% of the proceeds will be reinvested to Australia’s national youth teams, ensuring a minimum investment for future generations. There is also an increase in the percentage of prize money that players receive for winning a place in the World Cup finals (which will increase from 30% to 40%).

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According to the head of the FFA, the move will take place following a common agreement made at the beginning of the year, when all professional female soccer players in Australia will receive a minimum wage equivalent to that of the co-workers. their male karma. The head of the Australian Professional Player organization John Didulica called the June 1 deal a unique deal in the football world.

“We believe this agreement will set up a model for all unions and players – men and women – who can use football to unlock incredible social and commercial opportunities”, he said. Especially in women’s football. It is based on the principles of cooperation, equality and investment. Today’s players are investing in the future of Australian football because they believe in the game and trust each other”. Australia has emerged as a champion of equality in the field of sports, as netball and cricket female athletes have also won better pay deals in recent years.

DeAndre Ayton faces heavy fines for positing a banned drug

DeAndre Ayton is at risk of a long-term ban when his test results are positive for NBA banned.


The Phoenix Suns are in a state of restlessness when one of their key players, DeAndre Ayton, is at risk of being banned from long-term play because of using banned substances under NBA Anti-Drug rules. He was positive for a diuretic on the tournament’s banned list.

Diuretics are on the banned list because they can help athletes hide their use of doping. However, according to ESPN, in the next tests, the 21-year-old had absolutely no signs of using other drugs. And most likely this was an accident when Ayton ate or drank products containing this diuretic.

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Currently the National Basketball Association (NBA) has a plan to submit an appeal on behalf of Ayton to the NBA. They hope to reduce the penalty for him or cancel it because the Suns player did not intentionally use the banned substance.

In the latest statement, Ayton also expressed his repentance and remorse for her work: “I want to apologize to all, to my family, Phoenix Suns, my teammates, partners and others. The fans loved me, this was an unintended incident and I had absolutely no idea I was positive for being banned, I understood what I was doing, once again apologized for letting the team, as well as people, disappointed”.

If the penalty is enforced, Ayton will be banned from playing 25 games this season. This will be a huge loss for Suns when Ayton is an important player in their squad. In the opening match against Sacramento Kings, the 21-year-old scored 18 points, 11 rebounds and 4 blocks, making a big contribution to Suns’ 124 – 95 victory.

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So if Ayton is banned from playing for a long time, it will not only affect him, but also make Suns in trouble. Last season, Ayton played a total of 71 matches, with an average of 16.3 points and 10.3 rebounds per game for the Talking Stick Resort Arena.

It is unclear whether he will be able to join the Suns to the Pepsi Center with the Denver Nuggets on January 26.

Top 5 most corrupt countries in the world

The most corrupt country leads to economic crisis and underdevelopment, and the lives of people are getting poorer and poorer.


Western nations such as the United States, European nations desire to recreate the appropriate management system and a tough constitutional punishment for anyone involved in this evils. Least-developed countries have the most corruption cases due to their weak state structure and low educational level. Therefore, the authorities take advantage of this opportunity to enrich themselves and their close friends. In this article, we will rank the 5 most corrupt countries in the world.

1. Nigeria

Corruption is common in Nigeria, for example in a locality that will require a bribe so he can guide you where you need to go. Nigeria possesses so much oil that people scramble for an arbitrary position so that they can steal the nation’s own income.

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2. North Korean

The Kim Jung family has ruled North Korea for decades so badly. North Korea is one of the poorest ethnic groups in the world due to the weak governmental rule of the Kim family. They prioritize military warfare over economic and social development. Any aid received, either in the pocket of Kim Jung’s family or the purchase of military equipment.

3. Somalia

Somalia, without a stable government for many years, has paved the way for corruption and the poor management of community funds in Somalia. Alshabaab has terrorized many parts of the country to govern a number of large cities such as Mogadishu Capital, the port city of Kismayu. Most of Somalia’s residents are illiterate, so they cannot think or demand more from their government. This makes Somalia the most corrupt country in the world.

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4. Iraq

After the United States withdrew from Iraq during the second invasion in 15 years, it created the evasion of power formed in this war-torn country. The rebellion of the locals fighting for control of the country. The involvement of the Islamic State (ISIS) has made the problem even more numb with the persecution. Everyone is interested in the millions of dollars gained from illegal exploration and production of huge amounts of oil for their benefit.

5. Afghanistan

Lying among war countries affects the stability and performance of the government of this country. The rebels appear to have a say in political issues and influence the Afghan authorities. Therefore, it has made the country the most corrupt country in the world.

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Steps to impeach the President of the United States

Only two presidents have been impeached in American history and both have since remained in office, but eight federal judges were dismissed after impeachment.


On Tuesday, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announced the decision to impeach President Donald Trump.

“President Trump’s actions revealed the harsh truth about the President’s betrayal of his oath, betraying our national security and betraying the integrity of their elections”, Pelosi said on television. “Therefore, today I declare that the House of Representatives is conducting a formal impeachment investigation”.

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Mr. Trump responded to the announcement by describing it as the most brutal witch hunt of all time, and criticizing Democrats for focusing on a partisan agenda to hurt the Republican government, instead of making laws.

Ms. Pelosi’s impeachment announcement is still a long way from removing Mr. Trump from the office. Here is a brief way of interpreting the impeachment procedure of a President.

Process

The right to impeach public officials is guaranteed in the US Constitution, Article 1, Sections 2 and 3, and in Article II, Section 4. According to the US Constitution, the only authority with impeachment is the House of Representatives.

The House of Representatives then holds impeachment votes, which must be guaranteed with a majority of votes. If the vote is passed, the targeted official will be considered impeached, but that has not yet resulted in the person being removed from the office.

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The impeached official must then be tried in the Senate. If two-thirds of the Senate votes are guaranteed to support impeachment, the official will be convicted and removed. The Vice President presides over most impeachment trials, but in the case of presidential impeachment, the judge of the US court will preside.

Grounds impeachment

According to the US Constitution, elected officials may be impeached on the basis of crimes: “Treason, Bribery, or Other Crimes”. Other crimes include 3 main types of conduct: Excessing or abusing office powers; behavior incompatible with the function and purpose of the office; and use the location for improper or personal gain.

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There is a possibility that the US House of Representatives will be charged with treason to impeach Mr. Trump, after Pelosi said that Mr. Trump had violated National Security. Not all crimes are considered grounds for impeachment. In 1974, the Judiciary Committee dismissed tax fraud allegations against President Richard Nixon, saying it was related to private conduct, not abuse of power as president.

US Open 2019 causes discontent because of gender discrimination

The organizers of the tournament had to apologize to the public for a program they designed for their fans.


The last Grand Slam of the year has been running since August 26. To warm up the atmosphere, the organizers announced the program “Unforgettable experience with US Open 2019” for fans.

The prize of this program is a ticket to see the men’s singles semi-finals, photographed on the field and preferential shopping cards at stores in the US Open. But the information in the next paragraph of the program made the organizers widely criticized. Accordingly, if not winning the prize, fans still have the opportunity to receive the prize as a ticket to watch the women’s semi-finals and the right to be photographed on the field.

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It is the failure to include the semi-finals of the women’s singles in the grand prize that has made many people feel offended by the gender discrimination of the organizers. Judy Murray is the most famous character to criticize.

“It’s great @usopen, but until I read the second paragraph”, the coach and mother of two former world number one players Andy Murray and Jamie Murray wrote on Twitter, with a screenshot of the announcement. lice of the tournament. Many other fans expressed disappointment and opposition to the US Open 2019 as a women’s award.

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In the face of the wave of attack, the organizers had to apologize publicly and affirm always respect for gender equality. “In the announcement of registration to attend the program “Unforgettable experience with US Open 2019″, the language of expression was unintentionally differentiated and compared between the semi-finals of the men’s singles and women’s singles”, the statement said.

US Open organizers then reinterpreted the second part: “Those who did not win the first prize package will have the opportunity to win prizes in another category, including tickets to the women’s singles semi-finals”.

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“The US Open is always proud of its long tradition of gender equality, and we are very sorry for not fully explaining the difference between awards”, the statement stressed.