Archives 2019

The actual situation of gender discrimination alarm in Southeast Asia

One of ASEAN’s main goals set for the Socio-Cultural Community is to improve the quality of education and training for people, with special attention to the field of sex education, thereby contributing to promoting socio-economic development and gender equality.


In an article in the Jakarta Globe, Yoriko Yasukawa, Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Asia-Pacific region highlighted the alarming realities of gender discrimination and receipt of gender constraints in ASEAN member countries, and make recommendations to improve this gloomy picture.

According to Yasukawa, as of 2015, ASEAN countries have about 164 million teenagers aged 10-24 years and this number is expected to increase to over 166 million by 2030.

Due to the Asian conception, gender issues are still limited in school and this is one of the reasons why gender discrimination is still severe in Southeast Asia.

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In regional countries, only 58% of women work, while this rate for men is 82%.

In addition, the income gap between the sexes is quite large. For example, women in Cambodia and Singapore earn just 25% of men’s income.

In Southeast Asian countries today there are about 27 million adolescents aged 15-19. About 35% of these people get married early, 18% of girls give birth when they are under 20 years old.

This fact is very worrying because of the impact on the quality of the population when the mother is too young, lacking experience in living and caring for young children, and is unable to afford economy. In addition to domestic violence, more than 40% of adolescent girls in at least 3 ASEAN countries think domestic violence is acceptable.

About 34% of women admitted to being victims of physical and mental violence while living with their husbands or in-laws.

All the above figures show that comprehensive sex education in ASEAN countries needs to be more widely disseminated to help young people approach and share their situation.

The Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Asia-Pacific region said that governments need to pay serious attention to comprehensive sex education, to help young people with knowledge. It is necessary to help them protect themselves and gradually eliminate the idea of ​​gender discrimination in all areas of life.

Southeast Asian governments must set clear goals and commit to effectively implement this issue. This issue must be taken seriously as the economic development goals of each country.

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School educational programs need to be reformed, the school environment should be more comprehensive.

In addition, businesses, as socio-economic organizations, support the government in achieving this goal by giving public support and actively participating in problem-solving dialogues. this.

Southeast Asian countries need to join hands for the future of the young generation, for the future of each nation and for the future of the whole of Southeast Asia.

2 leading countries in the budget for education investment

The quality of education is one of the criteria that govern the progress of an individual, or a society, as well as the development of an entire nation.


Therefore, living in a country with a high investment rate in education will surely make a difference in the lives of any student.

Let’s take a look at the four countries of the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) that currently have the largest level of investment in education in the world, to see the importance of this field to the development of every country.

England

Considered one of the most outstanding educational countries in the international academic community, the UK has always been a potential and favorite destination for international students.

According to the document “Education at a Glance 2017: OECD Indicators” – published by OCED, the UK is ranked in the list of countries with the highest investment indicators for education in 2014 – with about 6.6% from GDP is set aside as an investment budget for all levels of education from primary to tertiary.

The UK is also known for investing millions of pounds in children’s education and promoting social mobility (- promoting the personal and social development of many communities, directly contributing to the community on improving population productivity and boosting the country’s economic growth.).

According to a document published by the British government’s official website in August 2018, the country is undertaking an initiative focused on supporting early childhood education and development. In addition, the report reveals that the government is investing a £30 million fund into a social action plan to create high-quality kindergartens for children’s education.

Denmark

For this European nation, investment in education has become a machine for social, economic and human development.

According to data provided by the OECD in 2014, Denmark spent 6.5% of its GDP on the education sector, of which 4.5% was for primary and secondary education – this is considered the the highest investment in the region.

The Danish government considers investing in primary and secondary education the most important, as this is the necessary period to build and improve students’ awareness before going to university. These are also two compulsory levels for children from 6 to 17 years old.

Education in Denmark is almost entirely subsidized by the government. In addition, there are still training programs, private universities and fee collection.

For higher education, the monthly student support policy is a positive but controversial policy within the government. Despite the criticism, this policy is maintained by the success and international reputation that Danish education has gained over the years.

The success of educational management in this Nordic country is due to the cooperation between the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation. These are the two agencies that are jointly responsible for designing and planning the implementation of educational programs with the participation of teachers and students who directly influence the quality of the training and its quality.

Find out why gambling is addictive to people

The job of the casino is just winning the money of the player. The way the games are always designed, calculated scientifically so the odds are always on the house side.


The gambling industry is a rich, fertile and promising land where you can make a lot of money with almost no capital. According to statistics in one of the world gambling capitals – Las Vagas, in 2014, there were more than 6 billion dollars poured into the games here. Moreover, there are now a lot of online casinos making gambling easier. In particular, online casino NZ is one of the many house dealers.

“The rules of the casino are that they win overall, everyone knows that we agree with that, but when they walk through the doors of the casinos, they forget”, said a Las Vegas casino employee. said in the documentary Casino Secrets, because “the passion for gambling, adventure and gambling is available to most of us – that’s the first secret that casinos know”, the person added. .

“Gambling is thousands of years old, it really returned to the most flourishing period of mankind. According to the latest archaeological reports, we have people living together, we find signs of gambling”, said David G. Schwartz, director of the gambling research center at UNLV.

Many scientific studies show that gambling actions have immediate physical effects. Specifically, it causes the brain to secrete a chemical called Dopamine, which stimulates excitement, much like the chemicals the brain releases when it is eaten or enjoyed by sex.

Steve Cyr, a casino owner in Las Vegas, explains that people love to gamble, want to gamble mainly because they want to get out of reality and buy a dream.

“Everyone wants to feel like a winner, everyone wants that thrilling, breathtaking feeling, not everyone can be Michael Jordan and play in the NBA. But guess what, anyone can sit down and put $ 20 into the slot machine, win big tricks and become a millionaire. At the casino, you are buying a dream, anything can happen, ”he said.

Therefore, Steve Syr commented that people have overlooked the most important secret in the success of casinos: The rate is always on the house side.

Australian football has a unique deal in the world

Female soccer players of the Australian national team will earn the equivalent of their male colleagues under a deal in a move that promotes gender equality.


Under the new centralized contracting system announced by the Football Federation Australia Cup (FFA), Matildas stars such as Sam Kerr and Ellie Carpenter will pocket the equivalent of names. Socceroos’ big names (male nicknames) like Aaron Mooy and Mat Ryan. They will also be able to sit in the business compartment when traveling internationally, as the male players.

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AFP quoted FFA President Chris Nikou as saying: “Football is a sport for everyone, and this collective bargaining agreement is another great step to ensure that we live up to the prices. value of equality, inclusion, and opportunity”. Under the 4-year agreement, which continues through the next World Cup (2023), Socceroos and Matildas will receive 24% of the national team’s revenue, and an increase of 1% per year. In other words, the better they do it, the more they get paid.

The players have also pledged that 5% of the proceeds will be reinvested to Australia’s national youth teams, ensuring a minimum investment for future generations. There is also an increase in the percentage of prize money that players receive for winning a place in the World Cup finals (which will increase from 30% to 40%).

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According to the head of the FFA, the move will take place following a common agreement made at the beginning of the year, when all professional female soccer players in Australia will receive a minimum wage equivalent to that of the co-workers. their male karma. The head of the Australian Professional Player organization John Didulica called the June 1 deal a unique deal in the football world.

“We believe this agreement will set up a model for all unions and players – men and women – who can use football to unlock incredible social and commercial opportunities”, he said. Especially in women’s football. It is based on the principles of cooperation, equality and investment. Today’s players are investing in the future of Australian football because they believe in the game and trust each other”. Australia has emerged as a champion of equality in the field of sports, as netball and cricket female athletes have also won better pay deals in recent years.

Steps to impeach the President of the United States

Only two presidents have been impeached in American history and both have since remained in office, but eight federal judges were dismissed after impeachment.


On Tuesday, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announced the decision to impeach President Donald Trump.

“President Trump’s actions revealed the harsh truth about the President’s betrayal of his oath, betraying our national security and betraying the integrity of their elections”, Pelosi said on television. “Therefore, today I declare that the House of Representatives is conducting a formal impeachment investigation”.

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Mr. Trump responded to the announcement by describing it as the most brutal witch hunt of all time, and criticizing Democrats for focusing on a partisan agenda to hurt the Republican government, instead of making laws.

Ms. Pelosi’s impeachment announcement is still a long way from removing Mr. Trump from the office. Here is a brief way of interpreting the impeachment procedure of a President.

Process

The right to impeach public officials is guaranteed in the US Constitution, Article 1, Sections 2 and 3, and in Article II, Section 4. According to the US Constitution, the only authority with impeachment is the House of Representatives.

The House of Representatives then holds impeachment votes, which must be guaranteed with a majority of votes. If the vote is passed, the targeted official will be considered impeached, but that has not yet resulted in the person being removed from the office.

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The impeached official must then be tried in the Senate. If two-thirds of the Senate votes are guaranteed to support impeachment, the official will be convicted and removed. The Vice President presides over most impeachment trials, but in the case of presidential impeachment, the judge of the US court will preside.

Grounds impeachment

According to the US Constitution, elected officials may be impeached on the basis of crimes: “Treason, Bribery, or Other Crimes”. Other crimes include 3 main types of conduct: Excessing or abusing office powers; behavior incompatible with the function and purpose of the office; and use the location for improper or personal gain.

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There is a possibility that the US House of Representatives will be charged with treason to impeach Mr. Trump, after Pelosi said that Mr. Trump had violated National Security. Not all crimes are considered grounds for impeachment. In 1974, the Judiciary Committee dismissed tax fraud allegations against President Richard Nixon, saying it was related to private conduct, not abuse of power as president.

US Open 2019 causes discontent because of gender discrimination

The organizers of the tournament had to apologize to the public for a program they designed for their fans.


The last Grand Slam of the year has been running since August 26. To warm up the atmosphere, the organizers announced the program “Unforgettable experience with US Open 2019” for fans.

The prize of this program is a ticket to see the men’s singles semi-finals, photographed on the field and preferential shopping cards at stores in the US Open. But the information in the next paragraph of the program made the organizers widely criticized. Accordingly, if not winning the prize, fans still have the opportunity to receive the prize as a ticket to watch the women’s semi-finals and the right to be photographed on the field.

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It is the failure to include the semi-finals of the women’s singles in the grand prize that has made many people feel offended by the gender discrimination of the organizers. Judy Murray is the most famous character to criticize.

“It’s great @usopen, but until I read the second paragraph”, the coach and mother of two former world number one players Andy Murray and Jamie Murray wrote on Twitter, with a screenshot of the announcement. lice of the tournament. Many other fans expressed disappointment and opposition to the US Open 2019 as a women’s award.

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In the face of the wave of attack, the organizers had to apologize publicly and affirm always respect for gender equality. “In the announcement of registration to attend the program “Unforgettable experience with US Open 2019″, the language of expression was unintentionally differentiated and compared between the semi-finals of the men’s singles and women’s singles”, the statement said.

US Open organizers then reinterpreted the second part: “Those who did not win the first prize package will have the opportunity to win prizes in another category, including tickets to the women’s singles semi-finals”.

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“The US Open is always proud of its long tradition of gender equality, and we are very sorry for not fully explaining the difference between awards”, the statement stressed.

Run in many places calling for protection of the Amazon forest

On August 23, in many Brazilian cities, thousands of people flocked to the streets, taking part in the rally to protect the rainforest of Amazon, which suffered from fires in time.  


In cities like Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paolo and Brasilia, protesters call for action to protect the Amazon forest from serious destruction. Protesters also criticized the policy on the environment of President Jair Bolsonaro, and asked the President to dismiss Environment Minister Ricardo Salles.  

Earlier, the opposition leader sent a letter requesting the impeachment of Minister Salles with allegations of his policies against the duties of an Environment minister. 

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Fires in the Amazon forest , known as the lungs of the planet, also led to protests in many other countries. Earlier, the same day, many demonstrations took place outside the embassies and consulates of Brazil in major cities such as London (England), Berlin (Germany), Madrid (Spain) and Mumbai (India). ).

Meanwhile, in France, thousands of people plan to hold a march within a radius of 30 km around the Biarritz seaside resort, where the World Leading Industry Group Summit takes place (G7) to condemn poverty and environmental damage.  

Over the past two weeks, Amazon forest fires have destroyed tens of thousands of hectares of rainforest. The international community is concerned that fires seriously affect the environment, the flora and fauna in the area are called the green lungs of the planet.

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According to official figures from the Brazilian Government, more than 76,000 forest fires have been recorded in the country for the first 8 months, the highest number since 2013, and most occur in the Amazon. Compared to the same period last year, Amazon forest fire since the beginning of the year has increased by 83%.

The exact amount of damage caused by the Amazon forest fire has yet to be determined, but the smoke covers the city of Sao Paulo and some other Brazilian cities. Meanwhile, forest fires tend to be more serious due to the current dry season, lasting until the end of October or early November, and the habit of deforestation for cultivation and cattle grazing.

Climate change could be a major factor in the 2020 US presidential election

In the aftermath of climate change, such as devastating wildfires in California, heavy rains cause floods throughout the United States and droughts devastate the entire crop in the central US, making climate change possible. The main factor in the US presidential election in 2020.


So far, only O’Rourke and Inslee’s climate plans address the general question of how to stop America’s carbon emissions. Each proposal aims to bring the United States out of dependence on fossil fuels and invest in “green jobs” for economic development. Candidate Inslee’s plan is similar to the “new green deal” in place to bring the United States completely into clean energy use by 2030. But Mr. Inslee also left the possibility of using nuclear energy – an energy industry that some environmental activists strongly oppose.

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When announcing his election plan, O’Rourke said that the biggest threat facing the United States is the problem of climate change. Meanwhile, candidate Booker said that the administration of President D. Trump has pulled the environmental protection agency, pushed back measures to protect clean air and clean water, and did not control the who pollute the environment, causing “great and painful harm to vulnerable communities”.

According to environmental groups, the implementation of a number of different proposals on climate change response shows that Democratic Party candidates are taking serious measures to prevent the warming of the earth. Charlie Jiang, a member of the “Greenpeace” group, thinks that the act of protecting the earth’s climate is a top concern of Americans in 2020. Meanwhile, May Boeve, the CEO of the organization. According to May Boeve, voters consider response to climate change a top priority in the presidential election and say they will support the boldest vision to prevent natural-use projects. Fossil fuels destroy the climate. Boeve also wishes to help candidates build an environmentally sustainable vision for the future.

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The bill passed by the House of Representatives is called the “Act for Climate Immediate Action”, prohibiting the use of federal funds in the plan to withdraw from the Agreement and forcing the President to develop a plan to implement the meaning. the US case under the Paris Agreement, which involves 26% -28% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2025 compared to 2005. This document received the support of 231 Congressmen, while 190 members oppose it. Of these, 3 Republican lawmakers on the Democratic Party voted in favor.

Speaking after the vote, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi described the bill as urgent about ethics, economics and national security, while emphasizing the passage of the bill as the right step direction. However, the Senate – currently controlled by the Republicans – is less likely to take similar measures. However, the above action shows that climate change has become a hot issue in US politics.

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Some environmental groups also have their own recommendations and argue that anyone who is nominated to replace Mr. D. Trump in 2020 also needs to fight the fossil fuel industry and look for etching solutions. recovering from the climate crisis. In a joint statement, environmental activists said that was the reason for a full discussion focused on climate change to make it possible for candidates to come up with spending the specific and reliable plan.

Australian Rugby Union ARU carries out rules for Aboriginal mediation

Australian Rugby Union President ARU admits the Federation’s rules need to be modified, to encourage more Aboriginal and Torres Islander players, to choose this sport to build their careers.


The Federation launched the Medication Action Plan that coincided with the Indigenous Reconciliation Week and much to do to solve the problem, which the Football Bureau AFL and NRL have shown better in this area.

The Australian Rugby Union for short, called ARU, now seeks to move more deeply with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

It is known that this sport has a few typical cases of Aboriginal players like Kurtley Baele and Matt Hodgson, but Mr. Bill Pulver, ARU President said that the number is still much lower than that of the Football Bureau.

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“We talked a lot with the former Wallabies players, Aboriginal or Torres Islanders, and you really have a good feeling that, while I think we have made a lot of progress. In many cases, they don’t feel we are making progress, so we have to do better”.

The new Mediation Action Program will increase ARU’s relationship with the development team called Lloyd McDermott, to help Aboriginal rugby players join for the past 20 years.

There will also be a special video screened before the matches, in matches between teams in Australia. Foreign teams visiting Australia will be awarded a traditional Aboriginal cane, as a celebration.

Former Wallaby national player Gary Ella, a member of the Lloyd McDermott Foundation, said he felt ARU was increasingly interested in Aboriginal talents.

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“You know, they are showing this goal, by funding the said plan. They combine programs together and make sure that plans show that Aboriginal people are highly respected. a lot of”.

In addition to respecting Aboriginal traditions, it can also help to achieve achievements, if not only for one generation. It is known that Ella’s brothers were famous in the football world in the 1980s, but since then, only a few Aboriginal talents have appeared.

One of the main reasons for this is the fact that the rules of competitive Rugby Games are AFL and NRL, ensuring that many Aboriginal players are in their shirt colors.

FIFA studies the transfer of juvenile players

FIFA president Gianni Infantino said the organization will consider changing regulations on transfer of adolescent players after the Chelsea club’s banning of two transfers.


Last week, Chelsea were banned from signing any player for the next two transfers because they were found guilty of violating FIFA’s regulations on signing contracts with foreign players under 18 years old. FIFA law stipulates that players aged 18 and under can only transfer to foreign countries if they meet one of the following three criteria: If the player’s parents migrate for reasons unrelated to football; Both clubs are in Europe or in the European Economic Area; and players aged 16 to 18 or players who live within a radius of 100 km from the new club.

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Clubs like Barcelona, ​​Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid have also been banned from transfer in recent years due to violations of the statute. And at the press conference in Rome (Italy) on 27 February, Mr. Infantino emphasized that there is a need to study carefully to renew the regulations.

Reuters cited Infantino’s statement as saying: “There are rules and regulations whether we like it or not and still have to comply when they are valid. If we don’t like them, we need to change … Maybe we should increase the minimum age across Europe, or we need to allow certain exceptions based on some clear criteria, to boys or girls may have good exercise conditions on the one hand, but on the other hand, can protect minors. That is our main priority, so this is definitely the area that we must study and continue to research in the future”.

Infantino also said FIFA intends to review the rules for the operation of the soccer. “We are planning to review regulations governing football players’ representatives because they feel the need to revise these rules to achieve better results”, he said. Current financial flows related to transfer are about 8 billion euros/year, not to mention the amount paid to the players. So I think it will only be fair if there are statutes for people involved in transfer missions, their careers clearly need to be managed. All other careers are managed and followed disciplines in Italy and around the world, so why are the agents not?”

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The FIFA head added that players in the US are following stricter regulations. “Look at what’s happening in the US. The country is often taken as an example, but the United States is home to a market of economic freedom. Everything is open, people do what they want. But these industries are strictly regulated. In the United States there are a large number of books that govern transfer and change issues related to clubs and representatives. In Europe and FIFA, we have only small books, so we have some work to do…”.