Archives January 2019

Should German Football Continue The “50 + 1” Policy?

Should or should not continue with the policy “50 + 1” (minimum 51% of each club’s shares must be owned by team members), a major controversial topic in Germany in recent years.


Then the topic became more interesting when Leipzig, the thorn in the eyes of the Germans to win the Champions League directly in 2017/18, is it the time for the Germans to untie themselves for their thoughts?

Many people wonder why Germans hate such privatization of football, and it is a very long story about German history. In 1806, Emperor Napoleon’s army took over the Prussian kingdom, a fierce battle broke out in Jena and Auerstedt. Losing the battle, Prussia was subjected to French occupation, but at the same time created a premise for nationalism to rise. In particular, the building of the elite of the army General Gerhard David von Scharnhorst places on top and the foundation is the physical improvement program undertaken by Friedrich GutsMuths.

Bóng đá Đức có nên tiếp tục chính sách “50+1”?

Associations and clubs about “Turnen” (Fitness) were established. Note that other gymnastics are completely sporty, because there is no winning or losing, but aiming at uniting a nation that was occupied at that time, with the goal of defeating the French. Over time, the influence of fitness clubs spread throughout Prussia. On the contrary, football faces the skepticism of the majority of Germans who think that this is a problem that separates society, so the sport must join gymnastics clubs if they want to survive. With the core principles: Non-profit, community-oriented, benefits for society.

This explains why even though the German League was born in 1903, it was not until 1963 that the Bundesliga – the league championship for professional teams – was born. However, despite starting to operate professionally, the clubs remain loyal to the original principle. And to keep that guideline throughout history, the principle of “50 + 1” is something that immobile with the Germans to keep the team always belong to the community. But it seems time for this principle to become obsolete.

Throughout the length of the Champions League history, apart from Bayern with the backs of giants like Adidas, Audi and Allianz, the remaining German teams rarely compete for the championship. They only had Hamburg in 1983 and Dortmund in 1997 were two rare cases. While in C2 Cup and C3 Europe, they are also completely outdone compared to rivals from England, Italy and Spain, although Germany is always at the top of the world. This reflects that the “50 + 1” policy undermines the competitiveness of German teams. In fact, apart from Bayern, few clubs are able to recruit contracts worth 40-50 million euros, while being regularly “sucked in” by European big men. It is a matter of money, which will determine even greater success in modern football.

Bayern always dominated the first place because they were the richest, while the rest could not create a breakthrough in budget. Behind Bayern and Dortmund are always 6-7 teams competing for two Champions League places, it is also attractive because the team is not too outstanding but when it comes to Europe, it is often eliminated early. Leverkusen as well as Schalke, M’gladbach, or Bremen. Football is certainly the race of money, maybe today Germany still despises Leipzig, but as Bayern President Uli Hoeness once said, it will be time for Germany to accept this fact.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 Largest Non-Profit Organizations Of The World

Thanks to the names on this list, the world is getting better.


1. Mayo Clinic/Foundation

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic is the largest non-profit organization of the United States focusing primarily on the field of medical research. For more than 100 years of operation, Mayo’s principle is to provide patients with the best care based on research, training and clinical practice. All income of this fund is used to upgrade services, train medical doctors and support treatment for patients.

2. Feeding America

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Feeding America

Feeding America was previously known as America’s Second-Harvest. It is also because it focuses mainly on the aspect of hunger elimination, through a series of member food banks. The principle of this organization is respect, management and responsibility, cooperation, speed, service, integrity and diversity.

3. Catholic Charities USA

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Catholic Charities USA

This Catholic organization is one of the largest charities in the United States with the mission to support those in need, to enforce justice and to call all churches and benefactors to charity. In 2008, Catholic Charities USA helped over 8 million people.

4. Red Cross

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Red Cross

This organization is always true to the principle of serving people through their disaster relief activities around the world. In order to alleviate the pain and suffering of unfortunate people, Red Cross calls for the support of volunteers, sponsors and partners on a wide network. It can be said that this is one of the most well-known names and also received the deepest appreciation of many people around the globe.

5. AmeriCares

Kết quả hình ảnh cho AmeriCares

AmeriCares provides humanitarian and medical aid around the world, you will find its name present in many relief activities for natural disasters, floods or earthquakes. The organization also focuses primarily on emergency response and health care recovery. In addition, AmeriCares actively participates in support when epidemics break out in people’s daily lives.

6. Feed the Children

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Feed the Children

With the principle “there is no child or family to go to bed while hungry”, Feed the Children tries to address basic human needs: food and nutrition, water and sanitation, education and health… In general, this organization tries to show individuals how to take care of themselves and their families. In addition, Feed the Children is also very enthusiastic in emergency relief activities.

7. United Way

Kết quả hình ảnh cho United Way

United Way is one of the largest non-profit organizations with a worldwide reach. Its goal is to provide people with tools, education and health to explore their own potential. It also encourages people to participate in activities of mutual care with high concentration on families and individuals.

8. Salvation Army

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Salvation Army

In fact, the Salvation Army is an organization of Christian churches, tasked with propagating the teachings and helping those in need of food and clothing.

9. Gifts in Kind

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Gifts in Kind

Gifts in Kind is a charity of the most unique type in the world. Specifically, it does not give direct money to people who need support but instead contact partners to give gifts to people. In fact, the debate between money or goods is inherently harsh in charitable activities, but after all, Kind Gifts in Kindness is working together to build a better world.

10. YMCA

Kết quả hình ảnh cho YMCA

With over 160 years of operation, the YMCA is one of the most famous non-profit organizations in the world. Its direction is to strengthen and create opportunities for learning and development through education and individual and extensive training programs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Controversy About The Legitimacy Of Bitcoin In India To The Supreme Court

The lack of a clear legal policy for crypto currencies like Bitcoin has made a petition letter sent straight to the Supreme Court of India, the most powerful judiciary in the South Asian nation.


Bitcoin is not currently recognized as a legitimate means of payment in India. However, no one said it was illegal. The official stance, according to a notice issued by the central bank of India in February, writes: “… the bank does not license/authorize any institution or company to conduct a good business trading Bitcoin or any electronic currency; investors who do business with Bitcoin will have to take risks for their own actions”.

In an effort to erase ambiguity, a lawyer aroused this issue by filing a petition of group interests (Public Interest Litigation – PIL) on the Supreme Court on November 3.

This petition was only released in the past few days, when the Court representative revealed that this was a request from Dwaipayan Bhowmick to urge the country’s government to quickly establish a “Bitcoin flow management” mechanism and make sure it can be audited.

The PIL version contains: “The lack of a solid mechanism to set up a legal framework is making a lot of loop holes, eventually leading to the inability to audit or monitor bitcoin transactions and transfers together pre-algorithm”.

We will mobilize ourselves

Indeed, the fact that it is unmanaged or recognized by the Government has frustrated the Indian industry, so much so that they have to formulate a self-monitoring institution earlier this year. Standardization of procedures for Customer Information Management (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) is one of the main focus of this apparatus, besides acting as a supervisory body for the scene community report on the pre-algorithm scams in India.

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Tranh cãi về tính hợp pháp của Bitcoin tại Ấn Độ lên đến Toà án Tối cao

Indian officials then established the “Virtual Monetary Commission”, which is a collection of representatives from ministries and departments related to the financial sector who have many cases of researching and proposing a regulatory framework domestic pre-algorithm segmentation.

The role of the Central Bank

And yet, the petition also “blames” the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) – the country’s central bank – and the Securities and Exchange Commission of India (SEBI), said that these two agencies are always “push” responsibility for each other in electronic money monitoring.

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Tranh cãi về tính hợp pháp của Bitcoin tại Ấn Độ lên đến Toà án Tối cao

“Needless to say, RBI and SEBI are trying to push responsibility for the other when constantly arguing over the issue so calling Bitcoin currency or goods”, the petition stressed. PIL then called on the Supreme Court to issue appropriate guidelines for managing the bitcoin flow (and electronic money) and ensure that the state treasury could audit it.

The fact that a group of lawsuit petitions was submitted to the Supreme Court only appeared a week after RBI said it still could not consider Bitcoin as a means of payment or money transfer. Besides, the central bank is in the process of building its own legal algorithm currency, which is the future replacement for the current rupee local currency.