Archives January 2020

Top 5 most corrupt countries in the world

The most corrupt country leads to economic crisis and underdevelopment, and the lives of people are getting poorer and poorer.


Western nations such as the United States, European nations desire to recreate the appropriate management system and a tough constitutional punishment for anyone involved in this evils. Least-developed countries have the most corruption cases due to their weak state structure and low educational level. Therefore, the authorities take advantage of this opportunity to enrich themselves and their close friends. In this article, we will rank the 5 most corrupt countries in the world.

1. Nigeria

Corruption is common in Nigeria, for example in a locality that will require a bribe so he can guide you where you need to go. Nigeria possesses so much oil that people scramble for an arbitrary position so that they can steal the nation’s own income.

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2. North Korean

The Kim Jung family has ruled North Korea for decades so badly. North Korea is one of the poorest ethnic groups in the world due to the weak governmental rule of the Kim family. They prioritize military warfare over economic and social development. Any aid received, either in the pocket of Kim Jung’s family or the purchase of military equipment.

3. Somalia

Somalia, without a stable government for many years, has paved the way for corruption and the poor management of community funds in Somalia. Alshabaab has terrorized many parts of the country to govern a number of large cities such as Mogadishu Capital, the port city of Kismayu. Most of Somalia’s residents are illiterate, so they cannot think or demand more from their government. This makes Somalia the most corrupt country in the world.

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4. Iraq

After the United States withdrew from Iraq during the second invasion in 15 years, it created the evasion of power formed in this war-torn country. The rebellion of the locals fighting for control of the country. The involvement of the Islamic State (ISIS) has made the problem even more numb with the persecution. Everyone is interested in the millions of dollars gained from illegal exploration and production of huge amounts of oil for their benefit.

5. Afghanistan

Lying among war countries affects the stability and performance of the government of this country. The rebels appear to have a say in political issues and influence the Afghan authorities. Therefore, it has made the country the most corrupt country in the world.

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Inequality in employment in India

Women who are not in a good position and have a wage difference of up to 34% compared to men are the main signs of gender inequality that exist in the Indian labor market by the non-profit organization Oxfam India points out.

In early April, Oxfam India’s “Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India” report pointed out that the decline in rural employment impacts changes in urban employment. Unequal pay, the burden of household care work and unsuitable social norms are factors that make Indian women lower in the labor force than men.

The report emphasizes that women are paid on average 34% less than men who have similar qualifications and perform similar tasks. In India, according to the survey, women are concentrated in only 10 industries and those 10 sectors account for just over half of female workers.

In 2015, 92% of women and 82% of men had a monthly salary below Rs 10,000, much lower than the recommendation of the 7th Central Committee of Payment (2013) of Rs 18,000 per month. The 7th Central Committee also pointed out that the drop in female labor force participation is due to supply and demand challenges. Due to the decline in the demand for jobs in agriculture, the relatively low demand for jobs from sectors that are more likely to use more women, such as garments.

Oxfam India’s “Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India” report also considers the role of labor laws and social factors affecting labor issues. In addition, the report identifies discriminatory occupations in India as environmental jobs.

Ranu Bhogal, now Director of Policy and Campaign Research at Oxfam India, said: “Over the past few years, we have heard many statements and promises about job creation and job creation. However, what we care about is providing quality jobs. We need a labor market where people are well paid for their skills. This can help families escape poverty”.

Oxfam India has called for a change in the Indian Government focusing on manufacturing sectors to create more jobs. The NGO also seeks investments in the health and education sectors to improve the productivity of workers, and this investment could be a solution to create large jobs in the future.

In his speech, Amitabh Behar, CEO of Oxfam India affirmed that in order to create a fair gender society and ensure equal opportunity for all, Indians need to overcome the gender obstacles in the perspective of each person.

Oxfam is a non-profit organization operating in many countries. In 2018, Oxfam operates in India towards reducing poverty and inequality, especially for women and the disadvantaged in India. Oxfam India has also been cooperating with civil and public social organizations to promote civil rights.

Origin of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party

Democrats and Republicans are competing fiercely in the midterm election for the US Congress term. These are the two major political parties of the United States and each party that needs power will take the superpower in different directions both internally and externally.


So what are their sources?

According to Mayan Melanie, in the article “The Origin Of The American Democratic Party”, although the Democratic Party and the Republican Party in the US seem to be extremely opposite now, the origin of the two This party is not like that. In essence, both originate from a single party, the Democratic-Republican Party, founded in 1791 by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson. The purpose of the then Democratic-Republican Party was to oppose the Federalist Party in subsequent elections.

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The Democratic-Republican Party supports states’ rights, and literally interprets the Constitution. They also prioritize financial and legal support for household-based agriculture. Fearing the United States would resemble the British monarchy, the Democratic Party – Republican against the elite. They despise and fear the people of the Federal Party, extremely wealthy nobles, who want to create a federal bank, and uphold the power of the federal government rather than the state government.

In the period 1815 – 1832, the Democratic Party – Republican organization gradually became loose. No longer competing pressure, they also do not need a united front. States begin to nominate their own local electors, who have a strong personal interest. This caused the internal party to be divided into many factions. Specifically, this split led to the creation of the modern Democratic Party (symbolized as a donkey), along with another political party, the Whig Party in 1828. The Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, composed of peasantry, urban workers, and Irish Catholics. Although the Democratic Party did not gain much support in the states of New England, it gained broad support in New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and the western states.

In 1850, Democrats in the US Congress approved the “Compromise of 1850”, which included a series of bills to prevent civil war breaking out around slavery. Basically, this Agreement banned slavery in the western states; however, it also included a bill called the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.

After the Compromise of 1850, the Democratic Party became popular, while the Whig Party began to lose unity and become increasingly divided over slavery and anti-immigration. In 1852, the Whig Party disbanded, making the opposition very weak compared to the Democratic Party in the same year election.

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The anti-slavery Democrats left the party one after another and joined the remaining Whig Party members in the North to form the Republican Party in 1854. The party first came to power in 1860 when Abraham Lincoln was elected president and won the US Civil War. In the United States, people still call the Republican Party the nickname GOP (Grand Old Party). Republican symbol is an elephant.

Regarding religious origins, the Northern Republican Party is primarily a follower of the Presbyterian Church, the Methodist Movement, and the Congregation Justice (Congregation), while most of the Democrats are Catholics, Anglicans, and people of German descent who follow the Lutheran Church. Due to such a deep division, issues such as prohibited laws are difficult to solve. Similar to today’s political climate, Republicans thought the government should intervene in ethical issues (such as drinking alcohol) to protect citizens from sin, while the Democratic Party argued that the government was not allowed to introduce laws that interfere with religion or morality.