Inequality in employment in India

Women who are not in a good position and have a wage difference of up to 34% compared to men are the main signs of gender inequality that exist in the Indian labor market by the non-profit organization Oxfam India points out.

In early April, Oxfam India’s “Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India” report pointed out that the decline in rural employment impacts changes in urban employment. Unequal pay, the burden of household care work and unsuitable social norms are factors that make Indian women lower in the labor force than men.

The report emphasizes that women are paid on average 34% less than men who have similar qualifications and perform similar tasks. In India, according to the survey, women are concentrated in only 10 industries and those 10 sectors account for just over half of female workers.

In 2015, 92% of women and 82% of men had a monthly salary below Rs 10,000, much lower than the recommendation of the 7th Central Committee of Payment (2013) of Rs 18,000 per month. The 7th Central Committee also pointed out that the drop in female labor force participation is due to supply and demand challenges. Due to the decline in the demand for jobs in agriculture, the relatively low demand for jobs from sectors that are more likely to use more women, such as garments.

Oxfam India’s “Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India” report also considers the role of labor laws and social factors affecting labor issues. In addition, the report identifies discriminatory occupations in India as environmental jobs.

Ranu Bhogal, now Director of Policy and Campaign Research at Oxfam India, said: “Over the past few years, we have heard many statements and promises about job creation and job creation. However, what we care about is providing quality jobs. We need a labor market where people are well paid for their skills. This can help families escape poverty”.

Oxfam India has called for a change in the Indian Government focusing on manufacturing sectors to create more jobs. The NGO also seeks investments in the health and education sectors to improve the productivity of workers, and this investment could be a solution to create large jobs in the future.

In his speech, Amitabh Behar, CEO of Oxfam India affirmed that in order to create a fair gender society and ensure equal opportunity for all, Indians need to overcome the gender obstacles in the perspective of each person.

Oxfam is a non-profit organization operating in many countries. In 2018, Oxfam operates in India towards reducing poverty and inequality, especially for women and the disadvantaged in India. Oxfam India has also been cooperating with civil and public social organizations to promote civil rights.

The actual situation of gender discrimination alarm in Southeast Asia

One of ASEAN’s main goals set for the Socio-Cultural Community is to improve the quality of education and training for people, with special attention to the field of sex education, thereby contributing to promoting socio-economic development and gender equality.


In an article in the Jakarta Globe, Yoriko Yasukawa, Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Asia-Pacific region highlighted the alarming realities of gender discrimination and receipt of gender constraints in ASEAN member countries, and make recommendations to improve this gloomy picture.

According to Yasukawa, as of 2015, ASEAN countries have about 164 million teenagers aged 10-24 years and this number is expected to increase to over 166 million by 2030.

Due to the Asian conception, gender issues are still limited in school and this is one of the reasons why gender discrimination is still severe in Southeast Asia.

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In regional countries, only 58% of women work, while this rate for men is 82%.

In addition, the income gap between the sexes is quite large. For example, women in Cambodia and Singapore earn just 25% of men’s income.

In Southeast Asian countries today there are about 27 million adolescents aged 15-19. About 35% of these people get married early, 18% of girls give birth when they are under 20 years old.

This fact is very worrying because of the impact on the quality of the population when the mother is too young, lacking experience in living and caring for young children, and is unable to afford economy. In addition to domestic violence, more than 40% of adolescent girls in at least 3 ASEAN countries think domestic violence is acceptable.

About 34% of women admitted to being victims of physical and mental violence while living with their husbands or in-laws.

All the above figures show that comprehensive sex education in ASEAN countries needs to be more widely disseminated to help young people approach and share their situation.

The Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Asia-Pacific region said that governments need to pay serious attention to comprehensive sex education, to help young people with knowledge. It is necessary to help them protect themselves and gradually eliminate the idea of ​​gender discrimination in all areas of life.

Southeast Asian governments must set clear goals and commit to effectively implement this issue. This issue must be taken seriously as the economic development goals of each country.

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School educational programs need to be reformed, the school environment should be more comprehensive.

In addition, businesses, as socio-economic organizations, support the government in achieving this goal by giving public support and actively participating in problem-solving dialogues. this.

Southeast Asian countries need to join hands for the future of the young generation, for the future of each nation and for the future of the whole of Southeast Asia.

Australian football has a unique deal in the world

Female soccer players of the Australian national team will earn the equivalent of their male colleagues under a deal in a move that promotes gender equality.


Under the new centralized contracting system announced by the Football Federation Australia Cup (FFA), Matildas stars such as Sam Kerr and Ellie Carpenter will pocket the equivalent of names. Socceroos’ big names (male nicknames) like Aaron Mooy and Mat Ryan. They will also be able to sit in the business compartment when traveling internationally, as the male players.

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AFP quoted FFA President Chris Nikou as saying: “Football is a sport for everyone, and this collective bargaining agreement is another great step to ensure that we live up to the prices. value of equality, inclusion, and opportunity”. Under the 4-year agreement, which continues through the next World Cup (2023), Socceroos and Matildas will receive 24% of the national team’s revenue, and an increase of 1% per year. In other words, the better they do it, the more they get paid.

The players have also pledged that 5% of the proceeds will be reinvested to Australia’s national youth teams, ensuring a minimum investment for future generations. There is also an increase in the percentage of prize money that players receive for winning a place in the World Cup finals (which will increase from 30% to 40%).

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According to the head of the FFA, the move will take place following a common agreement made at the beginning of the year, when all professional female soccer players in Australia will receive a minimum wage equivalent to that of the co-workers. their male karma. The head of the Australian Professional Player organization John Didulica called the June 1 deal a unique deal in the football world.

“We believe this agreement will set up a model for all unions and players – men and women – who can use football to unlock incredible social and commercial opportunities”, he said. Especially in women’s football. It is based on the principles of cooperation, equality and investment. Today’s players are investing in the future of Australian football because they believe in the game and trust each other”. Australia has emerged as a champion of equality in the field of sports, as netball and cricket female athletes have also won better pay deals in recent years.

US Open 2019 causes discontent because of gender discrimination

The organizers of the tournament had to apologize to the public for a program they designed for their fans.


The last Grand Slam of the year has been running since August 26. To warm up the atmosphere, the organizers announced the program “Unforgettable experience with US Open 2019” for fans.

The prize of this program is a ticket to see the men’s singles semi-finals, photographed on the field and preferential shopping cards at stores in the US Open. But the information in the next paragraph of the program made the organizers widely criticized. Accordingly, if not winning the prize, fans still have the opportunity to receive the prize as a ticket to watch the women’s semi-finals and the right to be photographed on the field.

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It is the failure to include the semi-finals of the women’s singles in the grand prize that has made many people feel offended by the gender discrimination of the organizers. Judy Murray is the most famous character to criticize.

“It’s great @usopen, but until I read the second paragraph”, the coach and mother of two former world number one players Andy Murray and Jamie Murray wrote on Twitter, with a screenshot of the announcement. lice of the tournament. Many other fans expressed disappointment and opposition to the US Open 2019 as a women’s award.

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In the face of the wave of attack, the organizers had to apologize publicly and affirm always respect for gender equality. “In the announcement of registration to attend the program “Unforgettable experience with US Open 2019″, the language of expression was unintentionally differentiated and compared between the semi-finals of the men’s singles and women’s singles”, the statement said.

US Open organizers then reinterpreted the second part: “Those who did not win the first prize package will have the opportunity to win prizes in another category, including tickets to the women’s singles semi-finals”.

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“The US Open is always proud of its long tradition of gender equality, and we are very sorry for not fully explaining the difference between awards”, the statement stressed.

What gender equality is and the consequences of gender inequality

According to the United Nations, gender equality means that women and men enjoy the same conditions to fully realize human rights and have the opportunity to contribute and enjoy the development achievements of society in general. In the US, social organizations take more than 70 years (from 1848 until 1920) to fight and give women some basic rights such as: Right to protection; equal rights for black women in particular and women in general; improving living conditions, working wages and voting rights in the United States. Some human rights activists sacrifice their lives to fight for these rights. However, in many other countries, gender inequalities still exist.

According to statistics, there are 77% of men in the role of the main labor force. While women account for only about 50% or less of them (in some countries, the number of women in the main labor force is much less). The income that women receive on average is only about 77% of men; ie still 23% lower. For every $ 1 a man makes, Latin American women earn only 56 cents and African-American women earn about 64 cents (or more than half). 62 million girls are denied access to education worldwide (United Nations data). Every year, up to 15 million girls under the age of 18 are forced to involve in child marriage and the marriage is arranged by parents. Four out of five victims of trafficking are female (Malala fund data). Up to 125 million women and girls are victims of female genital mutilation worldwide. There are at least 1000 murders of women and girls because of family honor every year in India and Pakistan. One in five female students is a victim of sexual assault at a school or lecture hall. In the United States, every 15 seconds a woman will be beaten by her husband or boyfriend (domestic violence).

Gender equality is not just about liberating women, but also liberating men. When it comes to promoting men and lowering women, not only are women affected, but men are also affected. For example, the notion of men being strong, not crying, not being able to express emotions is one of the reasons for the 3 times higher rate of male suicide in women, and shorter life expectancy. Many men have psychological disorders but do not dare to seek help because they are afraid of being “weak” or “lack of masculinity”. Not to mention, if they pursue arts, they will be disparaged and say “weak”, “woman”, “gay” …