Origin of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party

Democrats and Republicans are competing fiercely in the midterm election for the US Congress term. These are the two major political parties of the United States and each party that needs power will take the superpower in different directions both internally and externally.


So what are their sources?

According to Mayan Melanie, in the article “The Origin Of The American Democratic Party”, although the Democratic Party and the Republican Party in the US seem to be extremely opposite now, the origin of the two This party is not like that. In essence, both originate from a single party, the Democratic-Republican Party, founded in 1791 by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson. The purpose of the then Democratic-Republican Party was to oppose the Federalist Party in subsequent elections.

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The Democratic-Republican Party supports states’ rights, and literally interprets the Constitution. They also prioritize financial and legal support for household-based agriculture. Fearing the United States would resemble the British monarchy, the Democratic Party – Republican against the elite. They despise and fear the people of the Federal Party, extremely wealthy nobles, who want to create a federal bank, and uphold the power of the federal government rather than the state government.

In the period 1815 – 1832, the Democratic Party – Republican organization gradually became loose. No longer competing pressure, they also do not need a united front. States begin to nominate their own local electors, who have a strong personal interest. This caused the internal party to be divided into many factions. Specifically, this split led to the creation of the modern Democratic Party (symbolized as a donkey), along with another political party, the Whig Party in 1828. The Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, composed of peasantry, urban workers, and Irish Catholics. Although the Democratic Party did not gain much support in the states of New England, it gained broad support in New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and the western states.

In 1850, Democrats in the US Congress approved the “Compromise of 1850”, which included a series of bills to prevent civil war breaking out around slavery. Basically, this Agreement banned slavery in the western states; however, it also included a bill called the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.

After the Compromise of 1850, the Democratic Party became popular, while the Whig Party began to lose unity and become increasingly divided over slavery and anti-immigration. In 1852, the Whig Party disbanded, making the opposition very weak compared to the Democratic Party in the same year election.

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The anti-slavery Democrats left the party one after another and joined the remaining Whig Party members in the North to form the Republican Party in 1854. The party first came to power in 1860 when Abraham Lincoln was elected president and won the US Civil War. In the United States, people still call the Republican Party the nickname GOP (Grand Old Party). Republican symbol is an elephant.

Regarding religious origins, the Northern Republican Party is primarily a follower of the Presbyterian Church, the Methodist Movement, and the Congregation Justice (Congregation), while most of the Democrats are Catholics, Anglicans, and people of German descent who follow the Lutheran Church. Due to such a deep division, issues such as prohibited laws are difficult to solve. Similar to today’s political climate, Republicans thought the government should intervene in ethical issues (such as drinking alcohol) to protect citizens from sin, while the Democratic Party argued that the government was not allowed to introduce laws that interfere with religion or morality.