The electoral process was set in tune in the independent India with the institution of Election Commission of India (ECI) and the office of Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) preceding the enactment of the Representation of the People Act (RPA), 1951. The elections of 1951 captured the euphoria of India’s constitutional democracy. To Sukumar Sen, the first CEC, the elections in India were, unquestionably, ‘the biggest experiment in democracy in human history’ (Guha 2007, 147)1.
The widely contested debate on ensuring democracy to be safe for a 21st century world order evokes a critical thinking within the institutional structure of ‘the great Indian democracy’. The grandeur of the sub-continent’s electoral process is being marred by the escalation of criminals in politics, often,making laws on offences they are associated with. This, indubitably, affects the process of democratisation in the country. As the evidence of substantive democracy finds its presence in the public discourse on issues of governance deficit, there is an exigency to sustain the idea of Indian State constructed on the framework of liberal democracy.
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