Women who are not in a good position and have a wage difference of up to 34% compared to men are the main signs of gender inequality that exist in the Indian labor market by the non-profit organization Oxfam India points out.
In early April, Oxfam India’s “Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India” report pointed out that the decline in rural employment impacts changes in urban employment. Unequal pay, the burden of household care work and unsuitable social norms are factors that make Indian women lower in the labor force than men.
The report emphasizes that women are paid on average 34% less than men who have similar qualifications and perform similar tasks. In India, according to the survey, women are concentrated in only 10 industries and those 10 sectors account for just over half of female workers.
In 2015, 92% of women and 82% of men had a monthly salary below Rs 10,000, much lower than the recommendation of the 7th Central Committee of Payment (2013) of Rs 18,000 per month. The 7th Central Committee also pointed out that the drop in female labor force participation is due to supply and demand challenges. Due to the decline in the demand for jobs in agriculture, the relatively low demand for jobs from sectors that are more likely to use more women, such as garments.
Oxfam India’s “Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India” report also considers the role of labor laws and social factors affecting labor issues. In addition, the report identifies discriminatory occupations in India as environmental jobs.
Ranu Bhogal, now Director of Policy and Campaign Research at Oxfam India, said: “Over the past few years, we have heard many statements and promises about job creation and job creation. However, what we care about is providing quality jobs. We need a labor market where people are well paid for their skills. This can help families escape poverty”.
Oxfam India has called for a change in the Indian Government focusing on manufacturing sectors to create more jobs. The NGO also seeks investments in the health and education sectors to improve the productivity of workers, and this investment could be a solution to create large jobs in the future.
In his speech, Amitabh Behar, CEO of Oxfam India affirmed that in order to create a fair gender society and ensure equal opportunity for all, Indians need to overcome the gender obstacles in the perspective of each person.
Oxfam is a non-profit organization operating in many countries. In 2018, Oxfam operates in India towards reducing poverty and inequality, especially for women and the disadvantaged in India. Oxfam India has also been cooperating with civil and public social organizations to promote civil rights.