How is player transfer done?

Every summer, hundreds of millions of dollars are exchanged when the world’s top football clubs hunt the best players for the upcoming season. But what is a transfer, and how does it work?


What is assignment?

Football is a global market and the top players move constantly. David Beckham, for example, plays for clubs in England, Spain, America, Italy and France during the course of the game. The professional players contract with clubs with a fixed term of up to five years. If a player moves before the contract expires, the new club pays to compensate for the old club. This is called a transfer fee.

Alexis Sanchez là tên tốn giấy mực trong ngày chót của hạn chuyển nhượng khi Man City săn đuổi tiền vệ Arsenal.

When does the transfer take place?

Twice a year, FIFA rules offer two annual time periods in which clubs can be purchased from foreign players, called transfer windows. The window of transfer is longer in the middle of the season and shorter in the season, but the exact time is determined by the football association of the nations. In many European countries, the summer transfer window closes on August 31. In the US, closed on August 9.

Các CLB thu nhiều tiền từ hàng hóa lưu niệm nên tên cầu thủ nào in trên các sản phẩm là rất quan trọng.

Where does the money come from?

Football is an outstanding subject of money. According to Deloitte’s analysis, 20 of the world’s richest clubs – all across Europe – earned 7.4 billion euros (8.9 billion dollars) in 2015/16 revenue. The top money club is Manchester United, reaching 689 million euros. Commercial sources such as sponsorships and goods accounted for 43% of revenue – the largest share. So there will definitely be a lot of PSG Neymar shirts. Selling broadcasting rights accounts for 39%, but ticket sales are only about 18%. These numbers do not include transfer fees, but clubs can also make money by selling players.

Neymar gần đây đã chuyển từ Barcelona sang Paris Saint-Germain với giá 222 triệu euro (265 triệu đô la)

Is football always big money?

Previously not as much as it is now. Before 1995, many European clubs had quotas for foreign players. The Bosman ruling that year banned restrictions on players from within the EU and opened up a competitive international market. The transfer fee starts to increase, the number of foreign players also increases. By 2016, nearly 70% of Premier League football players in the UK are foreigners.

Lionel Messi có điều khoản mua đứt trong hợp đồng với giá 300 triệu euro ghi trong hợp đồng với Barcelona

Today top clubs continue to become richer. Income from television is increasing is one of the reasons. In 2016, 20 Premier League clubs signed a contract worth £ 10.4 billion ($ 13.4 billion) with TV stations. This is the most profitable television contract ever in professional football. In the UK, BT and Sky paid Premier League more than £ 10 million ($ 12.9 million) to play matches.

However, FIFA data shows that high transfer fees are not popular. In fact, only 14% of worldwide transfers last year involved payment of a transfer fee. The rest is free transfer – when the player’s contract expires and they continue to play other clubs.

 

 

 

 

 

Should German Football Continue The “50 + 1” Policy?

Should or should not continue with the policy “50 + 1” (minimum 51% of each club’s shares must be owned by team members), a major controversial topic in Germany in recent years.


Then the topic became more interesting when Leipzig, the thorn in the eyes of the Germans to win the Champions League directly in 2017/18, is it the time for the Germans to untie themselves for their thoughts?

Many people wonder why Germans hate such privatization of football, and it is a very long story about German history. In 1806, Emperor Napoleon’s army took over the Prussian kingdom, a fierce battle broke out in Jena and Auerstedt. Losing the battle, Prussia was subjected to French occupation, but at the same time created a premise for nationalism to rise. In particular, the building of the elite of the army General Gerhard David von Scharnhorst places on top and the foundation is the physical improvement program undertaken by Friedrich GutsMuths.

Bóng đá Đức có nên tiếp tục chính sách “50+1”?

Associations and clubs about “Turnen” (Fitness) were established. Note that other gymnastics are completely sporty, because there is no winning or losing, but aiming at uniting a nation that was occupied at that time, with the goal of defeating the French. Over time, the influence of fitness clubs spread throughout Prussia. On the contrary, football faces the skepticism of the majority of Germans who think that this is a problem that separates society, so the sport must join gymnastics clubs if they want to survive. With the core principles: Non-profit, community-oriented, benefits for society.

This explains why even though the German League was born in 1903, it was not until 1963 that the Bundesliga – the league championship for professional teams – was born. However, despite starting to operate professionally, the clubs remain loyal to the original principle. And to keep that guideline throughout history, the principle of “50 + 1” is something that immobile with the Germans to keep the team always belong to the community. But it seems time for this principle to become obsolete.

Throughout the length of the Champions League history, apart from Bayern with the backs of giants like Adidas, Audi and Allianz, the remaining German teams rarely compete for the championship. They only had Hamburg in 1983 and Dortmund in 1997 were two rare cases. While in C2 Cup and C3 Europe, they are also completely outdone compared to rivals from England, Italy and Spain, although Germany is always at the top of the world. This reflects that the “50 + 1” policy undermines the competitiveness of German teams. In fact, apart from Bayern, few clubs are able to recruit contracts worth 40-50 million euros, while being regularly “sucked in” by European big men. It is a matter of money, which will determine even greater success in modern football.

Bayern always dominated the first place because they were the richest, while the rest could not create a breakthrough in budget. Behind Bayern and Dortmund are always 6-7 teams competing for two Champions League places, it is also attractive because the team is not too outstanding but when it comes to Europe, it is often eliminated early. Leverkusen as well as Schalke, M’gladbach, or Bremen. Football is certainly the race of money, maybe today Germany still despises Leipzig, but as Bayern President Uli Hoeness once said, it will be time for Germany to accept this fact.