Countries strive to promote gender equality

Japan, England, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia are some countries in the world that have made progress in promoting gender equality, facilitating better living and working for women.


In fact, gender inequality is still dull, especially in Asian countries, which have traditionally been “respectful of men and women” since ancient times. However, when society is growing, the role and position of women is also increasing.

JAPAN

To achieve the goal of “Womenomics” to promote the important role of women in the reconstruction of the economy, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has adjusted a series of policies to “untie” and empower women. This female country helps millions of women participate in the labor market while still fulfilling their family life.

Since 2014, Japan has increased maternity wages for mothers in the first 6 months after birth from 50% to 67% of the basic salary and received all before the maternity leave.

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Meanwhile, to solve the problem of babysitting, the Japanese government aims to secure additional seats for 500,000 babies, as of the end of 2017. In addition, ministries and businesses also implement many initiatives to support women like working from home or flexible hours.

UNITED OF KINGDOM

At the end of 2016, the wage gap between men and women in the UK dropped to its lowest level since this data was recorded nearly 20 years ago. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, the wage gap between male and female workers is at 9.4%, while in 1997 this difference was 17.4%.

These encouraging figures come from the UK Government, which has implemented many measures including strengthening the right to work and receive equal wages for all male and female workers on condition that they meet is required by the employer.

SAUDI ARABIA

On September 27, 2016, more than 14,000 Saudi Arabia women signed a petition to terminate the women’s guardian system, changing the rule “women need men’s permission” to travel or work. This is the first time a petition of this type has been issued with such a large number of signatures.

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Under Saudi Arabia’s current law, all women must have a male guardian, usually a father, husband or brother. They must ask the guardian’s permission if they want to travel, work, get married, rent a house, even get medical treatment. In addition, they are also prohibited from driving.

SWITZERLAND

Women in Switzerland may be offered an extra year after the House of Representatives has voted through increasing the retirement age for women to 65, equal to the retirement age of men. This was at the end of 2016. Previously, the Senate of this country also voted. This proposal may be put on referendum before becoming a law.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What gender equality is and the consequences of gender inequality

According to the United Nations, gender equality means that women and men enjoy the same conditions to fully realize human rights and have the opportunity to contribute and enjoy the development achievements of society in general. In the US, social organizations take more than 70 years (from 1848 until 1920) to fight and give women some basic rights such as: Right to protection; equal rights for black women in particular and women in general; improving living conditions, working wages and voting rights in the United States. Some human rights activists sacrifice their lives to fight for these rights. However, in many other countries, gender inequalities still exist.

According to statistics, there are 77% of men in the role of the main labor force. While women account for only about 50% or less of them (in some countries, the number of women in the main labor force is much less). The income that women receive on average is only about 77% of men; ie still 23% lower. For every $ 1 a man makes, Latin American women earn only 56 cents and African-American women earn about 64 cents (or more than half). 62 million girls are denied access to education worldwide (United Nations data). Every year, up to 15 million girls under the age of 18 are forced to involve in child marriage and the marriage is arranged by parents. Four out of five victims of trafficking are female (Malala fund data). Up to 125 million women and girls are victims of female genital mutilation worldwide. There are at least 1000 murders of women and girls because of family honor every year in India and Pakistan. One in five female students is a victim of sexual assault at a school or lecture hall. In the United States, every 15 seconds a woman will be beaten by her husband or boyfriend (domestic violence).

Gender equality is not just about liberating women, but also liberating men. When it comes to promoting men and lowering women, not only are women affected, but men are also affected. For example, the notion of men being strong, not crying, not being able to express emotions is one of the reasons for the 3 times higher rate of male suicide in women, and shorter life expectancy. Many men have psychological disorders but do not dare to seek help because they are afraid of being “weak” or “lack of masculinity”. Not to mention, if they pursue arts, they will be disparaged and say “weak”, “woman”, “gay” …