What gender equality is and the consequences of gender inequality

According to the United Nations, gender equality means that women and men enjoy the same conditions to fully realize human rights and have the opportunity to contribute and enjoy the development achievements of society in general. In the US, social organizations take more than 70 years (from 1848 until 1920) to fight and give women some basic rights such as: Right to protection; equal rights for black women in particular and women in general; improving living conditions, working wages and voting rights in the United States. Some human rights activists sacrifice their lives to fight for these rights. However, in many other countries, gender inequalities still exist.

According to statistics, there are 77% of men in the role of the main labor force. While women account for only about 50% or less of them (in some countries, the number of women in the main labor force is much less). The income that women receive on average is only about 77% of men; ie still 23% lower. For every $ 1 a man makes, Latin American women earn only 56 cents and African-American women earn about 64 cents (or more than half). 62 million girls are denied access to education worldwide (United Nations data). Every year, up to 15 million girls under the age of 18 are forced to involve in child marriage and the marriage is arranged by parents. Four out of five victims of trafficking are female (Malala fund data). Up to 125 million women and girls are victims of female genital mutilation worldwide. There are at least 1000 murders of women and girls because of family honor every year in India and Pakistan. One in five female students is a victim of sexual assault at a school or lecture hall. In the United States, every 15 seconds a woman will be beaten by her husband or boyfriend (domestic violence).

Gender equality is not just about liberating women, but also liberating men. When it comes to promoting men and lowering women, not only are women affected, but men are also affected. For example, the notion of men being strong, not crying, not being able to express emotions is one of the reasons for the 3 times higher rate of male suicide in women, and shorter life expectancy. Many men have psychological disorders but do not dare to seek help because they are afraid of being “weak” or “lack of masculinity”. Not to mention, if they pursue arts, they will be disparaged and say “weak”, “woman”, “gay” …